If you already have a server image that you would like to use on top of UpCloud’s IaaS service, you can create a bootable OS storage from it. The process requires that you deploy a new server, upload the image to the cloud host and set up the new disk device. This guide goes through the process step-by-step.
Deploy a new host
Begin by log into your UpCloud Control Panel and deploying a Linux server of your choosing with two storages attached. The first storage should be the regular operating system disk, with enough space to upload the image file, and the second storage should be an empty device with the capacity you wish for your own server image. Consider the following when making the configurations:
- Set your server’s hostname as the Server Name at the deployment and write a short description for the image.
- Select the zone to where you wish to upload the server image. The geographical zone closest to you will allow faster upload.
- Select the system resources, these can always be changed later.
- Add a secondary disk and set the sizes for the storage devices. The first disk needs enough space to download the system image and the second at least the same size as the system you are migrating.
Once you have made the selections, hit the Deploy server -button. Wait a few seconds for the server to start, then login to the newly deployed host to continue.
Update the system to make sure the software is running the latest version.
# Debian and Ubuntu apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade -y # CentOS yum update -y
With the new server up to date, check that both of the storage drives are attached and report their size correctly.
NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT vda 253:0 0 30G 0 disk └─vda1 253:1 0 30G 0 part / vdb 253:16 0 30G 0 disk
Here the vda -disk with a partition called vda1 is your primary storage and the vdb -disk as the secondary device without partitions. If everything seems in order, continue with uploading your server image to the cloud host.
Import the system image
When the new host is up to date and ready, upload your server image, for example using Secure Copy, SFTP or rsync.
You can find out about some of the different secure file transfer options in the first section for Encrypt communications in the guide for cloud server security. Depending on your original system and your network connection it may be useful to compress the disk files for the transfer and then uncompress again on the target host.
When you have uploaded the image to the server, you will need to move the image content to the empty storage device. Use the following command while replacing the <server image> with the system image file and <disk> with the secondary disk name, usually vdb.
dd if=<server image> of=/dev/<disk> bs=16M oflag=direct
Note that the server image needs to be in RAW -format ending with the .img -file extension. This means images taken for example from a VMware-environment do not work as is. The VMware images should be converted to the RAW -format with a tool such as qemu-img, which is available for install on most package managers. Check out our guide for How to Import VMware Image to UpCloud to learn more.
Afterwards, you can shut down the server and remove the old primary disk. Go to your UpCloud Control Panel and select the Disks -tab under Server settings. Once the server has shut down, click the Detach -button on the primary disk to remove it. The second disk, where you just transferred the system image, will then be automatically set as the new primary disk. In the same menu, you should also choose the disk controller. VirtIO controller provides the best performance, but if you have issues starting the server, try IDE as it has better compatibility with different operating systems.
You can then restart the server again to continue configuring the system.
Reconfigure the new host
The newly transferred operating system should now boot up on the cloud server. However, depending on your old network setting you may need to log in through the Web Console to fix any issues before the system will connect normally. Go to your UpCloud Control Panel then select the Console -tab under your Server settings and click Open the console connection.
Log in normally with the user credentials for the server image as before transferring the it to the cloud. Once in, check the network settings with the following command.
UpCloud hosts have three network interfaces in the default configuration, public IPv4, private IPv4 and public IPv6 addresses, you might see something similar to the example output below. Here the first interface eth0 is working straight away but the other devices are not yet configured.
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000 link/ether 6e:d7:1b:bf:18:29 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet 184.108.40.206/22 brd 220.127.116.11 scope global eth0 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 fe80::6cd7:1bff:febf:1829/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 3: eth1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000 link/ether 6e:d7:1b:bf:e6:f2 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 4: eth2: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000 link/ether 6e:d7:1b:bf:61:a8 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Edit your network configuration files to match the network interface names listed in the above output. For example on Ubuntu and other Debian-based systems use the command below to open the configuration file.
sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces
Add the following sections to the file. If the network interfaces were named differently, use those names instead of eth0, eth1, etc.
auto lo iface lo inet loopback auto eth0 iface eth0 inet dhcp auto eth1 iface eth1 inet dhcp auto eth2 iface eth2 inet6 auto dhcp 1
On CentOS and other Red Hat variants, the network interfaces are configured in individual files. These files are stored in the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ -directory, check the file names with the command below.
ls /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ | grep ifcfg-
Then open the first interface file for edit, for example, ifcfg-eth0.
sudo vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
The file should read at least the following settings. In case, ONBOOT is set to no, change it to yes and save the file.
DEVICE=eth0 BOOTPROTO=dhcp ONBOOT=yes
You may need to do the same operation to other network interfaces, or simply create new configuration files if your old system only had one or two interfaces.
Afterwards, reboot the server and try logging in with SSH. If the network is working you can start using the new host as before with the added benefit of the freely scalable system resources and faster than SSD storage disks with MaxIOPS technology.
Congratulations, your own server image should now be up and running on a brand new cloud host. In case you have any further problems with the network, you can find additional help with troubleshooting the connectivity at the guide for Network Issues With Linux Host.
If you run into issues with booting from the new system image, you can always attach the old primary disk again and find the image files safely stored for another try without the need to wait for the image to upload again. Once you are confident that the new system is running properly, you can go to the Disks -menu at your UpCloud Control Panel and delete the unnecessary storage device.